Generate Wildcard cert with acme.sh

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Fix Nextcloud Issues

Below is how to fix the Your web server is not properly set up to resolve /.well-known/webfinger /.well-known/nodeinfo error if using NGiNX since everything else I could find was for Apache/HTTPD. Add the following to your NGiNX config file for nextcloud. Usualy found in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/ or /etc/nginx/conf.d/ location = /.well-known/webfinger { return 301 $scheme://$host/index.php/.well-known/webfinger; } location = /.well-known/nodeinfo { return 301 $scheme://$host/index.php/.well-known/nodeinfo; } ACPu errors when doing stuff on the command line.
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Git fun

Here’s some simple things to do with git When updating a repo this is the simplest way to do it git config --global user.name FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME | this sets the person who made the commit (first/last name) git config --global user.email [email protected] | this sets the person who made the commit (email) git diff | this is the see any lines you’ve changed git status | this will show which branch your on and which files have changed (not the contents of the file like git diff, but just the files themselves)
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Restic systemd

init repo apt install -y restic export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID='KEY_ID_HERE' export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY='ACCESS_KEY_HERE' export RESTIC_REPOSITORY="REPO_HERE_IS_USE_MINIO" export RESTIC_PASSWORD='RANDOM_PASSWD_HERE' restic init Service time nano /etc/systemd/system/restic-backup.service [Unit] Description=restic Wants=restic.timer [Service] Type=oneshot User=root Group=root Environment=AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID='KEY_ID_HERE' Environment=AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY='ACCESS_KEY_HERE' Environment=RESTIC_REPOSITORY="REPO_HERE_IS_USE_MINIO" Environment=RESTIC_PASSWORD='RANDOM_PASSWD_HERE' ExecStartPre=/bin/bash -c '/usr/bin/mysqldump --defaults-file=/root/.my.cnf --all-databases > /opt/backup/mysqldump.sql' ExecStart=/bin/bash -c '/usr/bin/restic --exclude={/dev,/media,/mnt,/proc,/run,/sys,/tmp,/var/tmp,/var/lib/mysql,/swap*} backup / && /usr/bin/restic forget --prune --keep-daily 5 --keep-weekly 15 --keep-monthly 15' ExecStartPost=/usr/bin/rm /opt/backup/mysqldump.sql [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target Timer time nano /etc/systemd/system/restic-backup.timer [Unit] Description=restic Requires=restic.service [Timer] Unit=restic.service OnCalendar=daily AccuracySec=1h Persistent=true [Install] WantedBy=timers.
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perl/awk/sed/cut fun

sed With the last g all text is replaced not just the first Replace text inline using sed (does not work with symlinks) sed -i 's/TO_BE_REPLACED/NEW_TEXT/g' FILE_HERE Replace text output to stdout sed 's/TO_BE_REPLACED/NEW_TEXT/g' FILE_HERE awk Show specific column of line awk '{ print $N }' where N is column number cut cut -d' ' -fN where d is the delimiter and N is the colum number perl Replace new line with space
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Vi/m Fun

I’m honesly not sure if these are vi or vim specific as I use a mac and Debian machine, but here’s some fun stuff I’ve learned over the years. I started as a nano person, but am finaly sitting down and using vi/m more and more. In command mode (make sure to hit esc) Go to start of file gg Go to end of file G Delete from line to start of file dgg
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Autostart Tdarr via systemd

The folowing are the systemd units locations and content nano /etc/systemd/system/tdarr-node.service [Unit] Description=Tdarr Node Daemon After=network.target [Service] User=plex Group=plex #StandardOutput=null Type=simple WorkingDirectory=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Node ExecStart=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Node/Tdarr_Node TimeoutStopSec=20 KillMode=process Restart=on-failure [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target nano /etc/systemd/system/tdarr-server.service [Unit] Description=Tdarr Server Daemon After=network.target [Service] User=plex Group=plex #StandardOutput=null Type=simple WorkingDirectory=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Server ExecStart=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Server/Tdarr_Server TimeoutStopSec=20 KillMode=process Restart=on-failure [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target nano /etc/systemd/system/tdarr-node.service [Unit] Description=Tdarr Node Daemon After=network.target [Service] User=plex Group=plex #StandardOutput=null Type=simple WorkingDirectory=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Node ExecStart=/opt/tDarr/Tdarr_Node/Tdarr_Node TimeoutStopSec=20 KillMode=process Restart=on-failure [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target Now to enable everything you can type the following.
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Uninstall program via powershell

This is useful if using remote shell to do things. I used this when I migrated from RemoteUtilities (great software, but I can’t seem to find a cheap host for a Windows OS, MeshCentral only requires a small Linux server) to MeshCentral. I was able to use the remote shell through SentinelOne to do this. SentinelOne is by far the best NextGenAV out there. If remote shell uses CMD we’re going to want to open/start powershell
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Install Duplicati as Windows Service

Here’s how to install Duplicati as a Windows Service 1. Download Duplicati from [HERE](https://www.duplicati.com/download). 2. During install don't mark "Auto Start up" option 3. Open CMD as admin * Search for CMD * Right click on CMD * Click "Run as admin" 4. Navigate to the installation folder in CMD (this should be the same as long as you left it as default) * `cd "C:\Program Files\Duplicati 2\` 5. Now we will install the service * `.
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Remote shell access to Windows machine on Domain

This seems to be just like connecting via SSH to a Linux machine, but with Windows. I’ve only tested with Windows 10, but it works great. Download PSEX HERE. Extract ZIP wherever (I like to use 7zip). CD to that location via CMD as domain admin (this is assuming domain environment, run CMD as administrator by right clicking, then run as administrator) Run the following .PsExec.exe \PCnameORip cmd.exe You are now in a remote shell You can also use winrs as well
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Download Win10 iSO

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Access IPMI if IP is not in ACL

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acme.sh/LetsEncrypt with 301 https redirect

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Limit email/hour for just one domain on an account (addon, park, or sub domain).

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Create cPanel WHM session from CLI

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Multi-Domain SSL Setup with “Subject Alternative Names”

Here’s how to create a cert/csr with more than one domain name. First you’ll want to create the directory. I use NGiNX so I like to put my certs in /etc/nginx/ssl, but you can put yours anywhere So now we will create the directory mkdir /etc/nginx/ssl/domainName Now we will cd into the directory cd /etc/nginx/ssl/domainName Now we will paste the following in the sslConfig.txt file. [req] default_bits = 4096 prompt = no default_md = sha256 req_extensions = req_ext distinguished_name = dn [ dn ] C=US ST=YOURstateHERE L=YOURcityHERE O=YOURorgNAMEhere CN = YOURmainDOMAINhere [ req_ext ] subjectAltName = @alt_names [ alt_names ] DNS.
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Printers not working after KB4557957 update

I noticed an issue where after updating Windows 10 2004 with KB4557957 some printers were no longer working. BetaNews did a good writeup HERE about the issue. Microsoft released a couple off-schedule patches to fix it. HERE is the BetaNews article about it. In short here are the links for the fix’s with the correct Windows 10 version. Windows 10, version 1909 (KB4567512) Windows 10, version 1903 (KB4567512)
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Change username for cPanel user

Unfortunately it doesn’t appear cPanel allows you to easily change the username. Most documentation I’ve read says to use the “Rearrange an Account” option, but if you only have one disk that doesn’t seem to get you an option. The downside to this is that is doesn’t fully do a normal restore it will restore the new account to the new directory, but it will symlink the old username to the new directory.
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Acme.sh with NGiNX

First you have to install acme.sh. I like using acme.sh because it’s all bash based. As with all posts I take no responsibility for anything and this is more of a quick help instead of a full guide. I have a script that I use to deploy my WordPress sites. The only thing I recommend is if you use it make sure to add the xml-rpc.php block. I haven’t added that to it yet.
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Fix Domain Trust Issues

There error comes in many forms one of the forms are “The trust relationship between this workstation and the primary domain failed.” If you’re able to log into the machine as a local admin it’s easy, you just do the following. Use a local administrator account to log on to the computer. Select Start, press and hold (or right-click) Computer > Properties. Select Change settings next to the computer name.
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SmartOS Tricks

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SSH tunnel WSL1

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Windows Service CMD control

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Remote Control Terminal Session Windows Server

I just learned that you can remote control terminal sessions. They call it shadowing. I’ve only done it on Windows Server 2012 r2, but was super easy. You just need to open server manager, go to remote desktop services, then collections, then QuickSessionsCollections. Then you’ll see the connections in the upper right hand corner. Once you find the one you want you right click on the session and hit Shadow. By default this will ask the user to allow, if you want to override that and allows allow you can do the following group policy change.
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XCP-NG Quick Notes

I learned about XCP-NG not to log ago and love it. It’s great and easy to use. My only issue is I guess on newer versions of Windows 10/Server 2019 they were having freezing issues. I had the issue with Windows 10. I just went with Windows 7 VMs for what I needed until they get the problem worked out. XCP-NG works great with Linux. Here are some useful commands I’ve found.
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Search and replace Wordpress Database

I NO LONGER RECOMEND USING THIS WAY. I RECOMEND USING WP-CLI SEARCH-REPALCE. HOW TO USE CAN BE FOUND HERE. Below is the search and replace for WP which I find really helpful when changing to a new domain. I DO NOT TAKE ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR USING THIS. MAKE SURE TO BACK UP YOUR DATABASE BEFORE YOU USE THIS SOFTWARE. ALSO THIS MAY NOT BE THE NEWEST VERSION SO IF YOU WANT THE NEWEST VERSION FOR SURE GO TO THE SITE.
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NextCloud with Apache behind NGINX reverse proxy on CentOS

This is probably useful to figure out how to reverse proxy Apache behind NGINX, but I was finally able to get NextCloud working on NGINX with no problem I like to use NGINX as my web server because that’s what I’ve always worked with. I’ve tried a couple times to get NGINX to work with NextCloud, but it would also end up not letting me log in. I did some Googleing and I guess it has something to do with how the cache is handled in NGINX.
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Find average size of directories

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Supermicro X9 Hangs on Windows 10 reboot

This data has been copied from HERE Please follow the steps below: Turn off the system completely, and turn it back on, you should be able to get back into the OS. 2)Download the following driver and extract it: https://downloadcenter.intel.com/download/22655/Intel-Chipset-Device-Software-for-HECI or my link here, this may not be the newest intel_chipset_SPS_MEI_NULL_v1.2.3.2003 Open up Device Manager View » Show hidden devices In the main window, expand System devices and look the device written exactly as “Intel(R) Management Engine Interface”
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Static IP KVM Guest

Copied from Here If you don’t want to do any configuration inside the guest, then the only option is a DHCP server that hands out static IP addresses. If you use bridge mode, that will probably be some external DHCP server. Consult its manual to find out how to serve static leases. But at least in forward modes nat or route, you could use libvirt’s built-in dnsmasqd (More recent versions of libvirtd support the dnsmasq’s “dhcp-hostsfile” option).
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Cert Roadmap

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Add clonezilla to Fog Project

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Linux not auto mounting NFS at boot up

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MySQL/MariaDB Not Securing

mysql_secure_installation doesn’t seem to work on the newest Debain After some googling I think I found what works for me. Delete anon user DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User=''; delete non local root user DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User=‘root’ AND Host NOT IN (‘localhost’, ‘127.0.0.1’, ‘::1’); drop test database DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS test; drop all other root users drop user ‘root’@‘localhost’; drop user ‘root’@‘127.0.0.1’; drop user ‘root’@'::1'; create a new root user with password
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USB Panic Button – Windows 10 compatible

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Basic Linux commands

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Disable SuperMicro IPMI ADMIN user

Disable ADMIN user Before doing this bit you may wish to check that the new user you added works for everything you need it to. Those things might include: ssh to [email protected] Log in on web interface at https://192.168.1.22/ Various ipmitool commands like querying power status:$ ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.1.22 -U somename -a power status Password: Chassis power is on If all of that is okay then you can disable ADMIN:
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IPTables Fun

I found these scripts years ago and decided to use them. I might as well share them First the ipset and iptables need to be installed apt install iptables ipset Now we need to create the ipset lists ipset create drop hash:net ipset create allowHTTPS hash:net ipset create allowSSH hash:net ipset create directHTTPS hash:net ipset create google hash:net script to update files and countries. If you go to the ipdeny site you can find which countries you can add.
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Set no password for user cmd

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Disable Password Expiration CMD

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VMware vSphere – How to activate Windows Server OEM licence in virtual machine

Copied from LINK PUBLIKOVÁNO 23 SRP ’17 , AUTOR: TOMAS KALABIS VMware vSphere – How to activate Windows Server OEM licence in virtual machine I have installed a Windows Server 2012 R2 with a Fujitus OEM licence on ESXi 6.5, but when i try to activate this operating system i got always an error with licence key. The solution is add following lines to the .vmx file of affected VM.
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create CD iso from folder

Download IMGBURN Now all that’s left is to glue the iso back together. In ImgBurn this accomplished by: Mode -> Build In the ‘Source’ section, click the ‘Browse for a folder’ icon. Select c:\iso\ms-iso. In the ‘Destination’ section, click the ‘Browse for a file’ icon. Give your iso a name and put it where you’d like. Under the Options tab on the right, set ‘File System’ to ‘UDF’ and ensure that ‘Recurse Subdirectories’ is checked.
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Install FusionIO ioDrive2 on Debian

If using Debian 10 you’ll have to use the github VSL. I just started using it, I will update if there’s issues. HERE’S the link. Now we need to make the module be loaded. mkdir /lib/modules/4.19.0-10-amd64/kernel/drivers/iomem cd root/usr/src/iomemory-vsl-3.2.16 cp iomemory-vsl.ko /lib/modules/4.19.0-10-amd64/kernel/drivers/iomem Now we need to add it to be loaded on bootup nano /etc/modules Paste iomemory_vsl into the /etc/modules file. `` First go to LINK and download the needed items I also have a copy that I downloaded HERE.
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Install ZFS on Debian 9.5 (Stretch)

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Add user as admin cmd

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How to enable vlans on Debian 9

I just did this on Debian 9, it might work on older versions and more than likely Ubuntu Do everything as root sudo su - Install vlan package apt-get install vlan Load 8021q module modprobe 8021q Add 8021q module at bootup echo 8021q | sudo tee -a /etc/modules Make sure it is in the file cat /etc/modules Now we need to edit the interfaces file nano /etc/network/interfaces There will probably be something like below # The primary network interface allow-hotplug eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp
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Enable RDP from CMD

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Reset Local User Password CMD

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UEFI CloneZilla

When cloning using clonezilla I notice sometimes if the PC was using UEFI it wouldn’t clone. After some googleing I was able to find a post that mentioned you had to manually copy over the bootloader. It is very simple to do. Once booted into CloneZilla you enter shell instead of the normal start. Once in the shell you’re going to become root. sudo su. Once you’re root you going to type the following command.
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Install Need for Speed Underground and Most Wanted together

I DO NOT TAKE CREDIT FOR THIS I JUST FOUND IT AND PUT IT ON MY SITE. IT WAS ON A SITE CALLED cowgod.net, BUT THE SITE NO LONGER EXISTS :-( Install Need for Speed Underground and Most Wanted together If you own both Need for Speed Underground and Need for Speed Most Wanted, you’ve inevitably tried to install them together. The first game will install and play flawlessly, however, something strange happens when you run autoplay on the second game.
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Useful Scripts

for f in *; do cd $f; mv * ..; cd ..; rmdir $f; done find . -type f ! -iname "*.mp4" ! -iname "*.jpg" ! -iname "*.wmv" ! -iname "*.mkv" ! -iname "*.mpg" ! -iname "*.avi" ! -iname "*.m4v" sed 's#^#what to add to begging of line#' oldfile > newfile sed 's#$#text to add to end of line#' oldfile > newfile mkvmerge -o <output>.mkv –default-track 0 –language 0:eng <subtitles>.srt input find .
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Docker and IP-Tables

Over the weekend I got attacked. I realized the cause of this was because I rebooted my server and the docker IPTables rules overwrote the IPTables-Persistent rules I had. After realizing this was the case I uninstalled docker since I wasn’t using it and while I was making firewall changes I set up ipset to block most foreign countries. I also removed IPTables-Persistent and instead just added the post up to the /etc/network/interfacespost-up ipset restore < /etc/iptables/ipset.
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Install KodExplorer

How I installed KodExplorer. This is running on Debian 8.1. Things might be different on whatever OS/Version you’re running. I am by no means a pro. This is pieced together from everything I’ve learned. You first have to install nginx and php apt install ngnix php5-fpm git if it’s a newer version of debian or ubuntu you might have to run apt install php7-fpm mkdir -p /etc/nginx/ssl/site.com cd /etc/nginx/ssl/site.
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Make nginx return 403 error when accessing non defined sites or direct IP

I was running into an issue where when people would go to the IP of my server or a domain was pointed at my server and the domain wasn’t configured in NGINX it would for some reason redirect to one of my domains when I didn’t want it to. Below is the config block that I added to a file. This make NGINX return a 403 error when accessing the server via IP or an reconfigured domain.
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pfSense/VMWare/Cisco 3560/Server 2016

Over the past couple days I’ve been trying to get a Cisco 3560 with VLANs to work. Finally I was able to get it working. This is my first blog post FYI it’s not the most detailed. It’s just info on what I’ve learned. This is not the best post to read if you have no technical knowledge. If you have some you should be able to work your way thru my horrible instructions.
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